Theseus and the centaur is a sculptural work in marble, created by Canova in 1805 and exhibited at the Kunsthistorisches Museum of Vienna.
The work that represents the Greek hero Theseus as he is about to give the coup de grace to Euritone, the king of the centaurs, was commissioned in 1804 by the Italian Napoleonic republic to dedicate it to Napoleon Bonaparte. The sculpture was exhibited in the sculptor’s studio in Rome, to then be purchased by the Austrian emperor Francis I, for the temple of Theseus.