After the 1978 assassination of a prominent PDPA member, the Khalq faction mutinied and stormed the Presidential Palace. By the next day, Daoud and 30 members of his family were killed and Taraki became the President of the newly-established People’s Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. Those left alive were deprived of freedom of speech, religion and economic activity.


This theory critically opposes industrialism and holds that people of the nation should form trade unions and associations so that they can’t be exploited by the industrialists. According to this theory foreign companies should not be allowed to market in one’s own nation so that no room is left for external competition. Competition should be practised within the nation so that no foreign venture can be allowed to compete.

The Cold War for Kids: Communism

It is something we should only do when we are alone, perhaps in the bath or shower or bed, a bit like picking your nose, it is certainly not polite to do it in class when everyone is watching. The moderate and reformist group were against the idea and consequently left the AITUC and formed the Indian Federation of Trade Unions . It laid down conditions for registration and regulation of trade union activities. The formation of the International Labour Organisation in 1919 acted as a catalyst for it.

But this state of things finds it complement in the practical absence of the family among the proletarians and in public prostitution. The bourgeois family will vanish as a matter of course when its complement vanishes, and both will vanish with the vanishing of capital. Do you charge us with wanting to stop the exploitation of children by their parents? But, you will say, we destroy the most hallowed of relations, when we replace home education by social. The “middle” group of the International censored the patriotism of the privileged and looked for the reunification of the Second International under the standard of world harmony. The “left” gathering, driven by Vladimir Lenin, dismissed both patriotism and pacifism, asking rather a communist drive to change the battle of countries into a transnational class war.

Further Reading

He also added that the Government chose to unsee the movement of 1000s of ‘students’ from India to East Pakistan . His colleague at the Soviet Consulate in Kolkata had discovered guns and ammunition in his basement in a box titled ‘Printed material’ scheduled for Dhaka University. It indicated the role of the Soviet Union in arming the Mukti Bahini during the war.


There lies a long debate on the differences between communism and socialism but this distinction rests largely on adherence of the communist leaders towards Karl Marx revolutionary socialism. In Russia, the Bolshevik Party won power during the October Revolution of 1917. They held the title “Communist Party” and developed a single-party system devoted to executing the Leninism style of communism. All property was nationalised, and the state took over all factories and railways. Communism extended over central and eastern Europe during World War II, and the Communist Party of China founded the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Approximately one-third of the world’s population was living in Communist countries at the beginning of the 1980s.

Former KGB agent Yuri Bezmenov exposes the four stages of a Communist takeover of a country in rare 1984 interview

Therefore, it is against the capitalist system of individual ownership of property. It encourages smuggling as the people are satisfied in what they are making and are not going beyond the point which eventually leads to smuggling of the items which can’t be produced in the nation. This gives invitations to many illegal activities like black marketing, smuggling etc which causes loss to the government and decline of the economy of the nation.

What is the opposite of communism?

They are theories that represent two inherently opposite ways of thinking. One is extremely individualistic (Capitalism), while the other one (Communism) believes in putting the society before self. The communism vs capitalism clash polarized the world during the cold war.

There has been a growing tendency to accommodate definition of communism for kids from other Indian languages which is the direct result of the realization that we should understand ourselves before venturing to understand others. There was an effort to encourage major writers of Malayalam to start writing for children. The desire to produce children’s literature of one’s own rather than depending merely on translations is growing in the contemporary literary scenario. Sugathakumari, M.T. Vasudevan Nair, Thanuja Bhattathiri, J. Devika, M.R. Renukumar, etc., are a few among those Malayalam writers who have found time and interest to invest in the development of Malayalam children’s literature. KSICL has also published a series of 30 books with songs and stories from the oral traditions of Kerala, so that this rich cultural heritage would live on and be enjoyed for generations to come.

The unions took the relatively easy path of pressing the demands of those who could be easily organised or whose demands were likely to be heard by the government. As a result, the Railway Unions and some unaffiliated unions united with the IFTU to form the National Federation of Trade Unions in 1933. The Communist Party of India , formed in Soviet Union in 1920, soon after its formation, became active in the labour movements.

Then there can be a basic course of of class conflict that would be resolved via revolutionary wrestle. In this conflict, the proletariat will stand up in opposition to the bourgeoisie and establish a communist society. Officially it adhered to Marxism–Leninism, however whether or not Stalin’s practices truly followed the rules of Marx and Lenin is a topic of debate and criticism. In contrast to Marx and Lenin, Stalin made few new theoretical contributions. Stalin’s primary contributions to communist concept were Socialism in One Country and the theory of Aggravation of sophistication battle beneath socialism, a theoretical base supporting the repression of political opponents as essential.

What are the examples of communist and democratic states?

At a modest estimate, in the 102 years since the Bolsheviks seized power in Russia in 1917, communist states have directly or indirectly killed 100 million people, more than all other repressive regimes combined during the same period. Collectivization of agriculture, often leading to man-made famines, was the biggest contributor; Stalin wiped out about 10 million, and Mao’s Great Leap Forward was the biggest mass murder in history—45 million. Millions more died in slave labour camps and mass executions, like Stalin’s Great Purge and in Pol Pot’s Cambodia. The most important charge against the communist view of human society is their concept of abolition of the family. Explaining this idea, Marx and Engels have written, “On what foundation is the present family, the bourgeois family, based on capital, on private gain? ” In its completely developed form this family exists only among the bourgeois.


Additionally, according to Engels state property by itself is personal property of capitalist nature unless the proletariat has control of political energy, during which case it types public property. Whether the proletariat was truly in charge of the Marxist–Leninist states is a matter of debate between Marxism–Leninism and other communist tendencies. To these tendencies, Marxism–Leninism is neither Marxism nor Leninism nor the union of both, however somewhat a synthetic time period created to justify Stalin’s ideological distortion, forced into the CPSU and Comintern.

What is the difference between Communism and Socialism?

The main difference is that under communism, most property and economic resources are owned and controlled by the state (rather than individual citizens). While under socialism, all citizens share equally in economic resources as allocated by a democratically-elected government.

But then, Theodore Dalrymple was only describing an outcome which was foreseen decades ago when sex education in schools was first introduced in the West. A fine essay on the subject is by the British child psychologist, Louise Eickhoff who wrote in the September 19, 1970 issue of the The Guardian. The following are some excerpts from that essay, relevant even today. Multiplicity of unions in a capitalist system keeps the working class fragmented and vulnerable to all forms of pressures.


Stalinism took an aggressive stance on class conflict, using state violence in an try to forcibly purge society of the bourgeoisie. In the communist motion, a preferred slogan said that everyone gave based on their abilities and obtained in accordance with their wants. Thus, the wants of a society can be put above and beyond the specific needs of an individual. Vladimir Lenin of Russia thought that there needed to be a gaggle of hard-working revolutionaries to lead a socialist revolution worldwide and create a communist society everywhere. Leon Trotsky, also from Russia, argued that socialism had to be international, and it was not important to make it occur first in Russia. He additionally did not like Joseph Stalin, who became the leader of the USSR after Lenin’s demise in 1924.

  • Modern bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products, that is based on class antagonism, on the exploitation of the many by the few.
  • It is stupefying that even today, some people who appear intelligent believe in this ideology, retarded in theory and obscene in practice.
  • Helen Demuth was the Marx family’s live-in maidservant for 45 years, and was never paid a penny as salary.
  • Similar developments took place in the cities of Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Solapur and Nagpur.
  • Around the world, there are numerous states and forms of government, referring to the political structures in which power is vested.

What is a simple explanation of socialism vs communism?

One key difference between socialism and communism is the way in which each of these economic philosophies might be realized in a society. Communism would result from a violent overthrow of the status quo, while socialism would result from a gradual internal change.